Prejudice in Mr Sumarsono Written by Roxana Robinson Essay Free Essay

Stereotype is a mostly false belief. or set of belief. refering the features of the members of a racial or cultural group ( McLemore. 1983 ) . Stereotype may be positive or negative in head which is based on limited and minimum cognition about a group of people. Incomplete information. misguided perceptual experiences. isolation and segregation have resulted many stereotypes. Viewing of a individual with oddness based on the stereotype will restrict what we expected and how we respond to them.

Prejudice is an unfavourable attitude towards people because they are members of a peculiar racial or cultural group. Discrimination is unfavourable action towards people because they are members of a peculiar racial or cultural group. ( McLemore. 1983 ) . These both are negative manifestations of integrative power. A prejudiced individual may non move on their attitude. Therefore. person can be prejudice towards a certain group but non know apart against them. Besides. bias includes all three constituents of an attitude ( affectional. behavioural and affectional ) . whereas favoritism merely involves behavior and involves some actions.

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Prejudice and pigeonholing analogues attitudes and sentiments or beliefs ( Stroebe & A ; Insko. 1989 ) Prejudice besides sustains stereotype. while stereotype is a generalisation or reading toward a individual or group of some physical. behaviour. belief or other factors.

For a 10-year-old miss. she must hold got a first bad feeling to a alien. particularly a alien. She spontaneously thought that person newcomer in another state is a sort of foreign with different tegument. face construction or another physical organic structure. In that point. this attitude includes a racial stereotype which provokes a prejudice side.

Roxana Robinson is a biographer and bookman of 19th and early 20th century American art. She graduated from Buckingham Friends School. in Lahaska. and from The Shipley School. in Bryn Mawr. She attended Bennington College and studied with Bernard Malamud and Howard Nemerov. She received a B. A. grade in English Literature from the University of Michigan. Roxana Robinson is the writer of the four novels Cost. ( 2008 ) Sweetwater. ( 2003 ) This Is My Daughter. ( 1998 ) and Summer Light ( 1988 ) ; the three short narrative aggregations A Perfect Stranger. ( 2005 ) Asking for Love. ( 1996 ) A Glimpse of Scarlet. ( 1991 ) and the life Georgia O’Keeffe: A Life. ( 1989 ) . Mr. Sumarsono is listed as one of the best American Short Narratives at 1994.

Statement of Problems:

1. Why do Susan and her sister give bad feeling toward Mr. Sumarsono?

2. Why did Mrs. Riordan welcome Mr. Sumarsono heartily?

3. What is the cultural facet of this short narrative? What is the connexion with it?


Mr. Sumarsono is a worker in UN which involved many Western people in it for a long clip. Because of the environment. he tried to accommodate the manner like an American. Harmonizing to the narrative. both girls of Mrs. Riordan. Susan and Kate. with Mrs. Riordan herself fetched Mr. Sumarsono in a Trenton Station in New Jersey and they saw him for the first clip with bad feeling and underestimate toward Mr. Sumarsono. However. at that clip. he was clothed as an American man of affairs.

“Mr. Sumarsono was have oning an orderly suit and leather places. like an American man of affairs. but he didn’t expression like an American. The suit was brown. non grey. and it had a little shininess. And Mr. Sumarsono was built in a different manner from Americans: he was little and graceful. with narrow shoulders and an absence of prance. ” ( Page 265 line 1 )

“Kate and I stood following to my female parent as she waved and smiled. Kate and I did non beckon and smile……” ( Page 265 line 11 )

In this instance. it proved that both sisters didn’t like and give bad idea for Mr. Sumarsono because they didn’t cognize who really Mr. Sumarsono was. since Mr. Sumarsono had an Asiatic figure with pale brown tegument. Besides. there were few Indonesian that came to America. or else about ne’er. Mr. Sumarsono was the lone Indonesian who arrived in New Jersey.

“It was 1959. and Mr. Sumarsono was the lone Indonesian who got off the train in Trenton. New Jersey. ” ( Page 264 line 25 )

Following on. the displeasure of the sisters continued until they were in manner place. They were moving like they didn’t need a middle-aged Indonesian in where were they belong to. Furthermore. they avoided the tiffin clip which their female parent prepared for them and Mr. Sumarsono. And besides. they showed an impolite attitude toward Mr. Sumarsono in the tabular array.

“We were traveling to watch the Anas platyrhynchos nesting. and I hope we didn’t have to include a middle-aged Indonesian in leather shoes” ( Page 267 line 1 )

“Dev-il. ” Kate said. Talking really aloud and easy. She pointed at the eggs and so put two bifurcate finger behind her caput like horns. Mr. Sumarsono looked at her horns. ( Page 269 lines 25 )

Another grounds occurred at the dinner clip when Susan saw her female parent have oning a pink frock. She thought her mother’s frock was overlooked merely for dinner with a alien who can non understand their linguistic communication.

“I was irritated to see that she had put it on as idea she were at a party. This was non a party: she had simply gotten clasp of a confined invitee. a complete alien who understood nil she said. ” ( Page 270. line 12 )

Although they kept underestimate him. they were rather surprised that Mr. Sumarsono wasn’t person like usual Asiatic cat they were believing approximately. He was different in presence. Not merely the visual aspect of him but besides his gesture was shown when they were already at place. Somehow. The halt! gesture was doing the sisters inquiring what makes that Indonesian was different. This gesture is shown by Mr. Sumarsono when he tried to forestall his bag as Susan offered to pick up upstairs.

“What struck me was the grace of his gesture. His manus extended easy out turnup and expose a narrow brown carpus. every bit narrow as my ain. When he put his manus up in the Stop! gesture. his manus curved rearward from the carpus. and his fingers bent rearward from the thenar. Alternatively of the austere and flat-handed Stop! that an American manus would do. this was a polite. subtie. and giving signal. rather beautiful and boundlessly sophisticated. a gesture that suggested a 1000 grounds for making something. a 1000 ways to travel about it. ” ( Page 267 line 13 )

On the other manus. Mrs. Riordan was recognizing him cheerfully. She showed an inordinate behaviour since Mr. Sumarsono decided to pass his weekend in New Jersey. Furthermore. he stayed in Riodan’s every bit good. Mrs. Riordan tried to catch attending from Mr. Sumarsono. Apart from being dressed in pink. she treated him every bit best as she can.

“Oh. I’m glad we’re holding rice! ” she said all of a sudden. pleased. “That must do Mr. Sumarsono feel at place. ” She looked at me. ( Page 273 line 7 )

She besides thought that Mr. Sumarsono was far from his household and being lonely. Mrs. Riordan conclude that he was losing them and she tried to give something that Mr. Sumarsono would experience like he came back to the warm ambiance when a household was gathered supposed to be. It is shown when Mrs. Riordan asked Mr. Sumarsono to demo his married woman and kids exposure. She saw a unusual status on Mr. Sumarsono with complicated and unfinished expression when she asked and he even wanted to take a image with them.

“The hapless adult male. he must lose his married woman and kids. Don’t u feel sorry for him. 1000s of stat mis off from his household? Oh. 1000s. He’s here for six months. all entirely. They told me that at the UN. It’s all really unsure. He doesn’t cognize when he gets leaves. how long after that he’ll be here. Think of how his hapless married woman feels. ” ( Page 272 line 24 )

As from the both sisters misjudged all about Mr. Sumarsono and what they have done. they thought that they would experience ashamed. alternatively of undervaluing him. Their bias has made them blind to non cognize who really Mr. Sumarsono was. Beside it was from their female parent. they besides felt embarrassed him because they can non be an appropriate hostess to him while Mr. Sumarsono showed his unflurried courtesy. Although Mr. Sumarsono couldn’t speak English well and merely responded all Mrs. Riordan and her girls with simple nodded and smile. at least he knew what attitude he supposed to make when he was sing people’s house in other state.

“I was embarrassed non merely for my female parent but besides for hapless Mr. Sumarsono. Whatever he had expected from a state weekend in America. It could non hold been a cramped Attic room. two dark misss. voluble and inexplicable hostess. I felt we had failed him. we had betrayed his unflurried courtesy. with our perplexing bids. our beckoning forks. our irresponsible talk about lizard. I wanted to salvage him. I wanted to emancipate hapless Mr. Sumarsono from this aerial grid of misinterpretations. ” ( Page 274 line 24 )

This narrative is refering facet of prejudice side. Therefore. bias has both cognitive and affectional constituents. Affectional constituent is the positive or negative attitude or feeling while cognitive constituent contains stereotypes. Stereotypes are beliefs about people based on their rank in a peculiar group. Stereotypes can be positive. negative. or impersonal. Stereotypes based on gender. ethnicity. or business are common in many societies. Stereotypes frequently consequences from. and leads to. bias and dogmatism. The grounds looking of stereotype is variable. It occurs When people encounter cases that disconfirm their stereotypes of a peculiar group. they tend to presume that those cases are untypical subtypes of the group. Second. People’s perceptual experiences are influenced by their outlooks. And last. Peoples selectively recall cases that confirm their stereotypes and bury about disconfirming cases. As a subdivision from stereotype. bias is a destructive phenomenon. and it is permeant because it serves many psychological. societal. and economic maps. It allows people to bond with their ain group by contrasting their ain groups to outsider groups.


This short narrative which Roxana wrote showed about an experience of Indonesian immigrant who visited and spent the weekend at one of New Jersey’s households. Riordan’s house. Based on treatment above. it is described that the two girls. Susan and Kate had first bad feeling toward Mr. Sumarsono as a unusual alien. This marks that their attitude showed the bias facet of the racial differences.

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