The Horrors Of A Work Oriented Society English Literature Essay Free Essay

Unfortunately, this simplistic and optimistic relationship with work ceases to be as we perceive labor as a nerve-racking responsibility required for making a life. Today, work is the polar determiner of felicity, freedom, and societal position. Even forthcoming coevalss have become engrossed with our work obsessed society. Children dismiss the importance of cognition, but educate themselves for the exclusive intent of augmenting their worth in the workplace. Through their novels, Solzhenitsyn and Mahfouz portray the horrors of a work-oriented society by exposing readers to characters that are tragically imprisoned by their work. In Midaq Alley and One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, work enables the supporters to last and provides them with dignity in a degrading environment, yet it absurdly perpetuates the systems in which they live.

Even though the Gulag ‘s captives are condemned to work, labor ironically is important for Ivan ‘s endurance. Not merely is work a locale that protects the captives from the intense cold, but it serves as a beginning of resiliency in the oppressive cantonment. “ Shukhov and the other Masons felt the cold no longer. Thankss to the pressing work, the first moving ridge of heat had come over them ” ( Solzhenitsyn, 79 ) . Faced with an indefinite prison sentence that normally led to decease, the zeks are forced to populate in the minute to get away their horrific world. Shukhov understands that it is unrealistic to last off of the hope of one twenty-four hours go forthing the Gulag, so he must happen an alternate motive that will supply him with a intent for staying alive. Alternatively of comprehending his forced labour as a beginning of penalty as it was intended, he derives from his work a warming animal satisfaction. Ivan basks as he immerses himself in his work, enabling him to digest the cantonment ‘s dehumanizing conditions, and even more absurdly, have a “ good twenty-four hours ” ( 133 ) . However, this work that acts as Shukhov ‘s beginning of pleasance and endurance can be damaging if he overworks himself to exhaustion. “ Work was like a stick. It had two terminals. When you worked for the knowing you gave them quality ; when you worked for a sap, you simple gave him eye-lotion ” ( 12 ) . Shukhov has to conserve his strength, particularly when both nature and humanity are unmerciful towards his battle to stay alive. By flexing and accommodating into his environment, Ivan survives by exercising the minimal attempt in his work that will still honor him with nutrient rations and protection from the vesiculation cold.

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Unlike Ivan who enjoys the labour that helps him pull off the Gulag ‘s horrors, Abbas works entirely to pacify his mercenary lover, even though his work causes him desperation. Once a simpleton Barber of moderateness who worked each twenty-four hours to “ barely [ wage ] for that twenty-four hours ‘s disbursals, ” Abbas pursues plodding for “ ambitious ” Hamida ( Mahfouz, 37 ) .

“ You are the cause, Hamida. It is because of you, you! I love our back street and I am profoundly thankful to God for the support He provides me from it. I do n’t desire to go forth [ it ] aˆ¦ . The problem is, I ca n’t offer you a life here which is worthy of you and so I have no option but to go forth. ” ( 108 )

Abbas sacrifices his dreams and dismisses his personal comfort in order to get the secular pleasures his lover yearns for. Shukhov anticipates his work and indulges in its fugitive pleasance, but Abbas is devastated at the idea of abandoning the back street to work in Tell el Kebir. Ironically, Abbas pursues a disheartening hard occupation beyond the Alley in order to increase Hamida ‘s familiarity for him, but he returns from work to happen that his absence permitted his lover to run away with another adult male. In contrast to work ‘s ability to assist Shukhov digest the oppressive conditions of the Gulag, it tragically dehumanizes Abbas, depriving him of all of his felicity so that “ he [ sees ] no ground for life ” ( 236 ) .

Abbas sacrifices his life in the Alley in effort to achieve self worth by working at Tell el Kebir, but tragically fails. He left to work for the British Army as a naA?ve, soft and good-natured immature adult male looking to gain the bosom of the adult female he loved. “ In the past two months [ at work ] I ‘ve been woolgathering off [ about Hamida ] , happy as could be. Have you of all time noticed how a adult male frequently dreams of felicity while catastrophe delaies nearby to snap it? ” ( 235 ) . While Abbas dreams of the felicity and dignity that his work could confer upon him and Hamida, the world was rather the contrary and Abbas returns degraded. In the back street, Abbas on a regular basis adhered to the spiritual codification of Islam and “ attended Friday supplications and fasted during the month of Ramadan ” ( 33 ) . But while working at Tell el-Kebir, Abbas comes to go against his spiritual values, and “ fumes hashish on occasion ” ( 232 ) . Abbas submits to all of his enticements and indulges in imbibing at Vita ‘s saloon despite Radwan Hussainy ‘s advice to “ maintain off from vino and porc ” while at Tell el-Kebir ( 110 ) . Not merely does Abbas ‘s occupation rob him of his values and individualism, but it instills in him the seed of immorality. While one time content and “ inclined towards peace, ” he returns with a bosom filled with force and capable of slaying ( 32 ) . When Abbas is beaten and kicked by the same British Army boots he one time wore, Mahfouz suggests Abbas ‘s work leaves him worthless and pitiless.

Unlike Abbas, Shukhov is able to keep self-respect through work. In the Gulag ‘s inhumane environment, work ironically provides him with civility and dignity. “ There was easy money to be made, you see, and made fastaˆ¦ . Easy money weighs visible radiation in the manus and does n’t give you the experiencing you ‘ve earned it ( Solzhenitsyn, 35 ) . ” Work provides Shukhov with a manner of staying civilized amidst the oppressive system. Although he can corrupt the guards for excess rations, Shukhov prefers to work in the film editing cold, for it is a locale to tout his accomplishment. “ All right, it ‘s a ‘special ‘ cantonment. So what? Does it trouble oneself you to have on a figure? They do n’t weigh anything, those Numberss ” ( 56 ) . Skilled at manual labour, Shukhov maintains his individualism in the Gulag despite the system ‘s efforts to morph him into a nonmeaningful machine. Shukhov challenges the system and wakes up early each twenty-four hours to execute errands for excess nutrient rations, therefore supplying himself with a modus operandi that protects his uniqueness and distinguishes him from the other zeks. Through work, both Shukhov and Abbas seek a reassertion of civility. But unlike Abbas whose work entraps him and robs his self-respect, for Shukhov, work is an flight from the Gulag ‘s dehumanisation.

Despite the crude competition that the Gulag promotes, the squad is able to keep mutuality through labor. “ You put your dorsum into the work. For unless you could pull off to supply yourself with the agencies of warming up, you and everyone else would give out on the topographic point ” ( 48 ) . In being condemned to this rough labour, the captives are drawn into a cohesive household like chumminess that gives them the strength to last. The inmates depend on each other for protection from the Gulag ‘s dehumanisation, and for the day-to-day nutriment they receive for finishing assigned occupations. Because each captive affects the destiny of the other zeks, the inter-reliance of each adult male establishes firm trueness. In one case when the captives fail to finish an assignment by the terminal of the twenty-four hours, Shukhov pushes to complete the undertaking single-handedly and protect the squad from penalty. At the same clip, Senka dependably stands by to guarantee Shukhov is non reprimanded for tardiness. This mutuality that consequences from the squad ‘s work eases the captive ‘s battle for endurance. Their corporate labor provides them with company, the nutriment of excess rations and even a method to in secret withstand the Gulag ‘s regulations.

In contrast to Shukhov whose work draws him into an mutualist microcosm, Abbas is isolated and neglected as a consequence of his occupation. Loath to sequester himself from his beloved fiance and the comfort of the Alley, Abbas leaves for Tell el-Kebir with the self-contradictory belief that his distance from the 1 he loves will finally convey him nearer. He however has ground to be leery of the solidness of his support system when he endlessly asks Hamida to pray for him. “ You prayed for success for me and now there is no endorsing out ” ( Mahfouz, 87 ) . Abbas commits himself to a only occupation in a distant country in his firing demand to happen felicity for Hamida, but she in return overlooks his altruism. In Hamida ‘s first brush with a adult male of a higher paying occupation and a greater societal position she does non waver to estrange Abbas and “ inquire [ s ] how on Earth she [ gave ] him her lips to snog ” ( 204 ) . Whereas Shukhov and the members of his squad semen to depend on one another through work, Mahfouz suggests Abbas is a incapacitated victim of a modernizing capitalistic society, a self-sufficing yet omniprovident trade good that can be replaced. Tragically, Abbas is sentenced to the utmost isolation of his grave when he is beaten to decease by the British Soldiers he one time worked for.

Although Shukhov and Abbas are condemned to enduring in their work, each character ‘s destiny relies on the nature of his working environment. When portion of reciprocally back uping microcosm, a worker will digest the wretchedness of labour. Shukhov endures the dehumanizing Gulag when he realizes that his work ensures his and his squad ‘s endurance. However, Abbas is prophesized of “ alma’sah, ” a tragic decease when he works without the reassertion of his unanswered love, even though he sacrifices his life for her felicity ( Mahfouz, 44 ) . In analyzing Abbas and Shukhov ‘s relationship with work, it becomes consistent why research has demonstrated that a individual who retires and escapes the anxiousness of work dies prematurely when he ceases to happen the intent of his being.

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