The Similarities Between John Updikes Story English Literature Essay Free Essay
There are easy evident similarities between John Updikes short narrative, “ A & A ; P ” and James Joyces short narrative, entitled “ Araby. ” Upon closer review, nevertheless, there are many elusive differences every bit good. It is my end to show some of these points of contact and separation to the reader for farther consideration, and to portion my position of the capable affair of each writer in relation to that adult male ‘s personal history. Finally, I wish to discourse the epiphanies of the two chief characters of each narrative, the concluding behind their chosen actions, and the possible effects that may be in shop for each. In order for me to make so efficaciously, I believe it is first necessary for us to take a closer expression at the writers.
John Updike was born in 1932 in Schillington, Pennsylvania, and James Joyce was born in 1882 in a town located near Dublin, Ireland, called Rathgar. Possibly both the fifty-year distance in their ages and the states of their births played important functions in the development of Updike and Joyce. Both work forces headed towards higher instruction. Updike attended esteemed Harvard University. Joyce entered into advanced schooling at Clongowes Wood College at the age of six, after which, he attended Belvedere College under a full scholarship. He followed this up with attending at Dublin University College. In 1900, Joyce wrote and published his first reappraisal about a Henrik Ibsen drama, doing Joyce a known adult male. As for Updike, his first short narrative, “ Friends of Philadelphia ” was published in 1954, and brought him national attending. Clearly, the two work forces as writers appear to hold much in common on the surface degree, but in analyzing their originative plants, there are rather a figure of differences that must hold manifested themselves within the distinguishable differences in their life experiences.
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Although John Updike had bumbling troubles as a kid, this did non keep him back from his topographic point in the universe of written creative persons. He seemed a natural. Traveling from the “ Harvard Lampoon ” while go toing Harvard University, Updike seemed to travel frontward into the credence of an audience that was non as available or encompassing to the work by James Joyce. In fact, Joyce had much trouble acquiring about all of his plants published, and without the assistance of a
affluent helper, possibly these plants might ne’er hold come into public print at all. In regard to Joyce ‘s aggregation of short narratives entitled “ The Dubliners ” , “ publication had to be abandoned due to frights of prosecution for lewdness and libel ” ( encyclopedia ) . Updike is still alive today ; Joyce died in 1941 after an operation for a pierced duodenal ulcer ( encyclopaedia ) . He besides suffered many old ages from glaucoma prior to his decease. Possibly the biggest advantage for John Updike was his life of stableness, which clearly was non a factor in James Joyce ‘s being. Joyce frequented cocottes and was a heavy drinker. His rebellion against Catholicism may quite perchance be the factor that seems to hold added a degree of “ darkness ” to his plants. “ Joyce called some of his early studies ‘epiphanies ‘ . The term epiphany, frequently used in a spiritual context, means an apprehension that comes approximately through a sudden intuitive realisation ” ( Encarta ) . And this is what I believe to be the subscriber for the differences found in the comparing of “ A & A ; P ” with “ Araby ” . Different life experiences can non assist but project shadows upon one ‘s positions and ways of sing the universe.
In both “ Araby ” and “ A & A ; P ” , the chief characters are immature work forces showing involvement in immature adult females. Both narratives are written in first individual narrative, although in “ A & A ; P ” , we know the chief character is Sammy, whereas in “ Araby ” we are ne’er so personally introduced to the chief character through cognizing his name. Actually, in “ Araby ” , we are ne’er told the immature adult female ‘s
name either. In “ A & A ; P ” we know the monikers given the immature adult females. In each instance, the work forces in the narratives attempt to lift up and affect the immature adult females by offering something they perceive to be of value to the adult females. Sammy defends the award of the immature adult females in relation to their bathing suit garb ; in “ Araby ” , a bangle is promised. Both immature work forces fail in their missions, yet before looking at the epiphanies, there is something more to advert about the contrasts in the narratives in relation to the authors themselves.
“ A & A ; P ” is staged within a New England town during summer season. It speaks of lighness, and Sun, and bare-skinned misss in the supermarket. The adjectives used to depict the physical qualities of the misss speak of gender. The chief character, Sammy, is drawn to the unusual sum of unclothed tegument being displayed in the most unnatural scene: the supermarket. This facet of the short narrative seems suiting to the New England lifestyle that housed John Updike, the writer.
In contrast, “ Araby ” has a shadow over its presentation. The descriptions are heavier and reference decease and empty edifices. There are no sunstruck minutes, as much of the narrative takes topographic point within, and when without, there is the dark and its sounds. The chief character ‘s attractive force to the immature adult female expresses more of an torment of the bosom than it does the elation of love. Ironically plenty, the attractive force to the immature misss expressed by the immature adult male is non of a sexual nature, but of a animal nature. There is non nudity. There is reference of the convent to which she belongs. The narrations in mention to her read as dark, untouchable sensualness, as if it is the ownership of being untouchable that calls him to her. “ She was waiting… her figure defined
by the visible radiation. Her frock swung as she moved her organic structure, and the soft rope of her hair tossed from side to side ” ( Joyce ) . Or how approximately, “ While she spoke she turned a silver watchband unit of ammunition and round her carpus… She held one of the spikes, bowing her caput towards me… The visible radiation from the lamp face-to-face our door caught the white curve of her cervix, lit up her hair that rested there, and, falling, lit up the manus upon the railing… It fell over one side of her frock and caught the white
boundary line of a half-slip, merely seeable as she stood at easiness ” ( Joyce ) . The reference of the watchband, whereas there was merely bleakness of tegument in Updike ‘s “ A & A ; P ” , seemed to be the cardinal subject in his narrative. Joyce ‘s character is drawn to the pureness of the immature adult female, instead than to the budding female signifier. He is ignited by the sensualness of her hair, the dorsum of her cervix, the smallest glance of a half-slip, and yes, her custodies. I believe the difference in the focal point on pureness and
sensualness instead than gender is clearly in connexion to the life styles of the writers. Since Joyce was a frequent visitant of cocottes, he had no demand to convey gender in his characters, for he had already come to understanding such affairs in his ain life experience. Rather, he and his character seem to be drawn to innocence and pureness. That resemblance is comparable to the type of pureness that can be found within Catholic spiritual beliefs.
As for the epiphanies, Samy sprang to the deliverance of the immature misss by discontinuing his occupation under some misinterpretation that by supporting their “ award ” , he would be given that which he “ rescued ” . The world is that he ne’er had a opportunity with these summer vacationists. The character in “ Araby ” promised to convey the immature adult female something from the bazar. He arrived excessively late to hold a opportunity to happen that “ meaningful ” item of his emotions, albeit, an low-cost 1. So he besides failed to run into his end. And yet, here excessively, the wages he sought would non hold been granted either, as the immature adult female was a member of the convent.
The causes of both work forces ‘s actions were the emotions they felt towards immature adult females. Both acted hurriedly in speech production, both failed to be the heroes they envisioned themselves to be. The causes of their actions about seem irrelevant. What becomes relevant is what consciousness into themsleves they have gained. We do non cognize whether the “ hero ” in “ Araby ” will go on along his modus operandi of descrying on and following the immature adult female. What we do see here is that the lives of the writers have played a big portion in each of their plants. And that explains the differences of these two short narratives.